Pressure lamps International

Archer's Gas and Lamp Fitting Factory
Archer & Warner Co
Archer Warner Miskey Co
Archer Pancoast Co (Archer Pancoast Manufacturing Co)

33 North 2nd Street, Philadelphia, USA
329 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia
70 Wooster Street, New York
East 22nd Street, New York

 

This is another of the American Companies that were active in the development of gas and possibly gasoline lighting at the end of the 19th century. There is an unconfirmed report from a collector for the existence of a pressurised lantern, but no documentary evidence is available here at this stage. If there ever was a gasoline lamp, which seems unlikely, then it would have been a gravity lamp or possibly and early "Arc" type lamp, even less likely!

Ellis P Archer was involved with lighting systems in the 1840s in Philadelphia. He invented a new kind of oil lamp in 1842  using lard as fuel, and ran his own store in Philadelphia selling gas lamps. In a short time he was employing a few men working in a cellar, and his store became the Archer's Gas and Lamp Fitting Factory. Six years later he formed a partnership with Red Warner, to set up the Archer & Warner Co. which only lasted until 1856, so there is no possibility of any pressurised free standing lamps being made by them. The main business was in decorative chandeliers, in Gothic and other styles. A Mr Miskey joined the partnership in 1856 and the name changed to Archer, Warner & Miskey & Co. Three years later, Ellis Archer left the partnership and set up a new business with George Pancoast, Norman Archer, and Anson Archer, called Archer Pancoast & Co, which in 1870 became The Archer Pancoast Manufacturing Co, of 70 Wooster St, New York.  Although still involved with gas lighting, the firm's core business had moved away from gas lights and chandeliers to zinc castings. Obviously there were no free standing pressure lamps developed by any of these businesses at that time. In fact the partnership of Archer & Warner is most famous for its Rococo design castings. Archer Pancoast went into receivership in 1901 and were closed down early in 1902 although the remnants of the business seemed to linger on for a few more years. In the final years electricity took its place alongside gas in the chandeliers made by this firm. The brand names for their lamps include the "Astral" and the "Solar".

The earliest advertisements seems to be in the period 1842-43, for the lamps themselves, and for workers to join the business.

 

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Pittsburgh Daily Post 14 May 1844

 

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From The Public Ledger, Philadelphia, 31 July 1944

 

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From Rae's Philadelphia Pictorial Dictionary, 1851

 

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A sad end, stock sold at a quarter of it's value. January 1902

 

 

 

References:

The Pittsburgh daily Post 14 May 1844 p3

The Public Ledger, 31 July 1844 p3

The Public Ledger, 17 December 1846 p3

Rae, Julio H, Philadelphia Pictorial Directory & Panoramic Advertiser. 1851

Freedley, Edwin T. Philadelphia and its Manufacturers. 1857

The Brooklyn Daily Eagle, 17 January 1902 p9

 


 

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